# Appium

Extends Webdriver

Appium helper extends Webriver (opens new window) helper. It supports all browser methods and also includes special methods for mobile apps testing. You can use this helper to test Web on desktop and mobile devices and mobile apps.

# Appium Installation

Appium is an open source test automation framework for use with native, hybrid and mobile web apps that implements the WebDriver protocol. It allows you to run Selenium tests on mobile devices and also test native, hybrid and mobile web apps.

Download and install Appium (opens new window)

npm install -g appium

Launch the daemon: appium

# Helper configuration

This helper should be configured in codecept.json or codecept.conf.js

  • app: Application path. Local path or remote URL to an .ipa or .apk file, or a .zip containing one of these. Alias to desiredCapabilities.appPackage
  • host: (default: 'localhost') Appium host
  • port: (default: '4723') Appium port
  • platform: (Android or IOS), which mobile OS to use; alias to desiredCapabilities.platformName
  • restart: restart browser or app between tests (default: true), if set to false cookies will be cleaned but browser window will be kept and for apps nothing will be changed.
  • desiredCapabilities: [], Appium capabilities, see below
    • platformName - Which mobile OS platform to use
    • appPackage - Java package of the Android app you want to run
    • appActivity - Activity name for the Android activity you want to launch from your package.
    • deviceName: The kind of mobile device or emulator to use
    • platformVersion: Mobile OS version
    • app - The absolute local path or remote http URL to an .ipa or .apk file, or a .zip containing one of these. Appium will attempt to install this app binary on the appropriate device first.
    • browserName: Name of mobile web browser to automate. Should be an empty string if automating an app instead.

Example Android App:

{
  helpers: {
      Appium: {
          platform: "Android",
          desiredCapabilities: {
              appPackage: "com.example.android.myApp",
              appActivity: "MainActivity",
              deviceName: "OnePlus3",
              platformVersion: "6.0.1"
          }
      }
    }
}

Example iOS Mobile Web with local Appium:

{
helpers: {
  Appium: {
    platform: "iOS",
    url: "https://the-internet.herokuapp.com/",
    desiredCapabilities: {
      deviceName: "iPhone X",
      platformVersion: "12.0",
      browserName: "safari"
    }
  }
}
}

Example iOS Mobile Web on BrowserStack:

{
helpers: {
  Appium: {
    host: "hub-cloud.browserstack.com",
    port: 4444,
    user: process.env.BROWSERSTACK_USER,
    key: process.env.BROWSERSTACK_KEY,
    platform: "iOS",
    url: "https://the-internet.herokuapp.com/",
    desiredCapabilities: {
      realMobile: "true",
      device: "iPhone 8",
      os_version: "12",
      browserName: "safari"
    }
  }
}
}

Additional configuration params can be used from https://github.com/appium/appium/blob/master/docs/en/writing-running-appium/caps.md (opens new window)

# Access From Helpers

Receive a Appium client from a custom helper by accessing browser property:

let browser = this.helpers['Appium'].browser

# Methods

# Parameters

  • config

# runOnIOS

Execute code only on iOS

I.runOnIOS(() => {
   I.click('//UIAApplication[1]/UIAWindow[1]/UIAButton[1]');
   I.see('Hi, IOS', '~welcome');
});

Additional filter can be applied by checking for capabilities. For instance, this code will be executed only on iPhone 5s:

I.runOnIOS({deviceName: 'iPhone 5s'},() => {
   // ...
});

Also capabilities can be checked by a function.

I.runOnAndroid((caps) => {
   // caps is current config of desiredCapabiliites
   return caps.platformVersion >= 6
},() => {
   // ...
});

# Parameters

  • caps any
  • fn any

# runOnAndroid

Execute code only on Android

I.runOnAndroid(() => {
   I.click('io.selendroid.testapp:id/buttonTest');
});

Additional filter can be applied by checking for capabilities. For instance, this code will be executed only on Android 6.0:

I.runOnAndroid({platformVersion: '6.0'},() => {
   // ...
});

Also capabilities can be checked by a function. In this case, code will be executed only on Android >= 6.

I.runOnAndroid((caps) => {
   // caps is current config of desiredCapabiliites
   return caps.platformVersion >= 6
},() => {
   // ...
});

# Parameters

  • caps any
  • fn any

# runInWeb

Execute code only in Web mode.

I.runInWeb(() => {
   I.waitForElement('#data');
   I.seeInCurrentUrl('/data');
});

# Parameters

  • fn any

# seeAppIsInstalled

Check if an app is installed.

I.seeAppIsInstalled("com.example.android.apis");

# Parameters

Returns Promise (opens new window)<void> Appium: support only Android

# seeAppIsNotInstalled

Check if an app is not installed.

I.seeAppIsNotInstalled("com.example.android.apis");

# Parameters

Returns Promise (opens new window)<void> Appium: support only Android

# installApp

Install an app on device.

I.installApp('/path/to/file.apk');

# Parameters

Returns Promise (opens new window)<void> Appium: support only Android

# removeApp

Remove an app from the device.

I.removeApp('appName', 'com.example.android.apis');

Appium: support only Android

# Parameters

# seeCurrentActivityIs

Check current activity on an Android device.

I.seeCurrentActivityIs(".HomeScreenActivity")

# Parameters

Returns Promise (opens new window)<void> Appium: support only Android

# seeDeviceIsLocked

Check whether the device is locked.

I.seeDeviceIsLocked();

Returns Promise (opens new window)<void> Appium: support only Android

# seeDeviceIsUnlocked

Check whether the device is not locked.

I.seeDeviceIsUnlocked();

Returns Promise (opens new window)<void> Appium: support only Android

# seeOrientationIs

Check the device orientation

I.seeOrientationIs('PORTRAIT');
I.seeOrientationIs('LANDSCAPE')

# Parameters

  • orientation ("LANDSCAPE" | "PORTRAIT") LANDSCAPE or PORTRAITAppium: support Android and iOS

Returns Promise (opens new window)<void>

# setOrientation

Set a device orientation. Will fail, if app will not set orientation

I.setOrientation('PORTRAIT');
I.setOrientation('LANDSCAPE')

# Parameters

  • orientation ("LANDSCAPE" | "PORTRAIT") LANDSCAPE or PORTRAITAppium: support Android and iOS

# grabAllContexts

Get list of all available contexts

let contexts = await I.grabAllContexts();

Returns Promise (opens new window)<Array (opens new window)<string (opens new window)>> Appium: support Android and iOS

# grabContext

Retrieve current context

let context = await I.grabContext();

Returns Promise (opens new window)<(string (opens new window) | null)> Appium: support Android and iOS

# grabCurrentActivity

Get current device activity.

let activity = await I.grabCurrentActivity();

Returns Promise (opens new window)<string (opens new window)> Appium: support only Android

# grabNetworkConnection

Get information about the current network connection (Data/WIFI/Airplane). The actual server value will be a number. However WebdriverIO additional properties to the response object to allow easier assertions.

let con = await I.grabNetworkConnection();

Returns Promise (opens new window)<{}> Appium: support only Android

# grabOrientation

Get current orientation.

let orientation = await I.grabOrientation();

Returns Promise (opens new window)<string (opens new window)> Appium: support Android and iOS

# grabSettings

Get all the currently specified settings.

let settings = await I.grabSettings();

Returns Promise (opens new window)<string (opens new window)> Appium: support Android and iOS

# _switchToContext

Switch to the specified context.

# Parameters

  • context any the context to switch to

# switchToWeb

Switches to web context. If no context is provided switches to the first detected web context

// switch to first web context
I.switchToWeb();

// or set the context explicitly
I.switchToWeb('WEBVIEW_io.selendroid.testapp');

# Parameters

Returns Promise (opens new window)<void>

# switchToNative

Switches to native context. By default switches to NATIVE_APP context unless other specified.

I.switchToNative();

// or set context explicitly
I.switchToNative('SOME_OTHER_CONTEXT');

# Parameters

  • context any? (optional, default null)

Returns Promise (opens new window)<void>

# startActivity

Start an arbitrary Android activity during a session.

I.startActivity('io.selendroid.testapp', '.RegisterUserActivity');

# Parameters

  • appPackage
  • appActivity

Returns Promise (opens new window)<void> Appium: support only Android

# setNetworkConnection

Set network connection mode.

  • airplane mode
  • wifi mode
  • data data
I.setNetworkConnection(0) // airplane mode off, wifi off, data off
I.setNetworkConnection(1) // airplane mode on, wifi off, data off
I.setNetworkConnection(2) // airplane mode off, wifi on, data off
I.setNetworkConnection(4) // airplane mode off, wifi off, data on
I.setNetworkConnection(6) // airplane mode off, wifi on, data on

See corresponding webdriverio reference (opens new window).

# Parameters

  • value

Returns Promise (opens new window)<{}> Appium: support only Android

# setSettings

Update the current setting on the device

I.setSettings({cyberdelia: 'open'});

# Parameters

# hideDeviceKeyboard

Hide the keyboard.

// taps outside to hide keyboard per default
I.hideDeviceKeyboard();
I.hideDeviceKeyboard('tapOutside');

// or by pressing key
I.hideDeviceKeyboard('pressKey', 'Done');

Appium: support Android and iOS

# Parameters

  • strategy ("tapOutside" | "pressKey")? Desired strategy to close keyboard (‘tapOutside’ or ‘pressKey’)
  • key string (opens new window)? Optional key

# sendDeviceKeyEvent

Send a key event to the device. List of keys: https://developer.android.com/reference/android/view/KeyEvent.html (opens new window)

I.sendDeviceKeyEvent(3);

# Parameters

Returns Promise (opens new window)<void> Appium: support only Android

# openNotifications

Open the notifications panel on the device.

I.openNotifications();

Returns Promise (opens new window)<void> Appium: support only Android

# makeTouchAction

The Touch Action API provides the basis of all gestures that can be automated in Appium. At its core is the ability to chain together ad hoc individual actions, which will then be applied to an element in the application on the device. See complete documentation (opens new window)

I.makeTouchAction("~buttonStartWebviewCD", 'tap');

# Parameters

  • locator
  • action

Returns Promise (opens new window)<void> Appium: support Android and iOS

# tap

Taps on element.

I.tap("~buttonStartWebviewCD");

Shortcut for makeTouchAction

# Parameters

  • locator any

Returns Promise (opens new window)<void>

# swipe

Perform a swipe on the screen or an element.

let locator = "#io.selendroid.testapp:id/LinearLayout1";
I.swipe(locator, 800, 1200, 1000);

See complete reference (opens new window)

# Parameters

Returns Promise (opens new window)<void> Appium: support Android and iOS

# performSwipe

Perform a swipe on the screen.

I.performSwipe({ x: 300, y: 100 }, { x: 200, y: 100 });

# Parameters

# swipeDown

Perform a swipe down on an element.

let locator = "#io.selendroid.testapp:id/LinearLayout1";
I.swipeDown(locator); // simple swipe
I.swipeDown(locator, 500); // set speed
I.swipeDown(locator, 1200, 1000); // set offset and speed

# Parameters

Returns Promise (opens new window)<void> Appium: support Android and iOS

# swipeLeft

Perform a swipe left on an element.

let locator = "#io.selendroid.testapp:id/LinearLayout1";
I.swipeLeft(locator); // simple swipe
I.swipeLeft(locator, 500); // set speed
I.swipeLeft(locator, 1200, 1000); // set offset and speed

# Parameters

Returns Promise (opens new window)<void> Appium: support Android and iOS

# swipeRight

Perform a swipe right on an element.

let locator = "#io.selendroid.testapp:id/LinearLayout1";
I.swipeRight(locator); // simple swipe
I.swipeRight(locator, 500); // set speed
I.swipeRight(locator, 1200, 1000); // set offset and speed

# Parameters

Returns Promise (opens new window)<void> Appium: support Android and iOS

# swipeUp

Perform a swipe up on an element.

let locator = "#io.selendroid.testapp:id/LinearLayout1";
I.swipeUp(locator); // simple swipe
I.swipeUp(locator, 500); // set speed
I.swipeUp(locator, 1200, 1000); // set offset and speed

# Parameters

Returns Promise (opens new window)<void> Appium: support Android and iOS

# swipeTo

Perform a swipe in selected direction on an element to searchable element.

I.swipeTo(
 "android.widget.CheckBox", // searchable element
 "//android.widget.ScrollView/android.widget.LinearLayout", // scroll element
  "up", // direction
   30,
   100,
   500);

# Parameters

Returns Promise (opens new window)<void> Appium: support Android and iOS

# touchPerform

Performs a specific touch action. The action object need to contain the action name, x/y coordinates

I.touchPerform([{
    action: 'press',
    options: {
      x: 100,
      y: 200
    }
}, {action: 'release'}])

I.touchPerform([{
   action: 'tap',
   options: {
       element: '1', // json web element was queried before
       x: 10,   // x offset
       y: 20,   // y offset
       count: 1 // number of touches
   }
}]);

Appium: support Android and iOS

# Parameters

# pullFile

Pulls a file from the device.

I.pullFile('/storage/emulated/0/DCIM/logo.png', 'my/path');
// save file to output dir
I.pullFile('/storage/emulated/0/DCIM/logo.png', output_dir);

# Parameters

Returns Promise (opens new window)<string (opens new window)> Appium: support Android and iOS

# shakeDevice

Perform a shake action on the device.

I.shakeDevice();

Returns Promise (opens new window)<void> Appium: support only iOS

# rotate

Perform a rotation gesture centered on the specified element.

I.rotate(120, 120)

See corresponding webdriverio reference (opens new window).

# Parameters

  • x
  • y
  • duration
  • radius
  • rotation
  • touchCount

Returns Promise (opens new window)<void> Appium: support only iOS

# setImmediateValue

Set immediate value in app.

See corresponding webdriverio reference (opens new window).

# Parameters

  • id
  • value

Returns Promise (opens new window)<void> Appium: support only iOS

# simulateTouchId

Simulate Touch ID with either valid (match == true) or invalid (match == false) fingerprint.

I.touchId(); // simulates valid fingerprint
I.touchId(true); // simulates valid fingerprint
I.touchId(false); // simulates invalid fingerprint

# Parameters

  • match

Returns Promise (opens new window)<void> Appium: support only iOS TODO: not tested

# closeApp

Close the given application.

I.closeApp();

Returns Promise (opens new window)<void> Appium: support only iOS

# appendField

Appends text to a input field or textarea. Field is located by name, label, CSS or XPath

I.appendField('#myTextField', 'appended');

# Parameters

# checkOption

Selects a checkbox or radio button. Element is located by label or name or CSS or XPath.

The second parameter is a context (CSS or XPath locator) to narrow the search.

I.checkOption('#agree');
I.checkOption('I Agree to Terms and Conditions');
I.checkOption('agree', '//form');

# Parameters

# click

Perform a click on a link or a button, given by a locator. If a fuzzy locator is given, the page will be searched for a button, link, or image matching the locator string. For buttons, the "value" attribute, "name" attribute, and inner text are searched. For links, the link text is searched. For images, the "alt" attribute and inner text of any parent links are searched.

The second parameter is a context (CSS or XPath locator) to narrow the search.

// simple link
I.click('Logout');
// button of form
I.click('Submit');
// CSS button
I.click('#form input[type=submit]');
// XPath
I.click('//form/*[@type=submit]');
// link in context
I.click('Logout', '#nav');
// using strict locator
I.click({css: 'nav a.login'});

# Parameters

# dontSeeCheckboxIsChecked

Verifies that the specified checkbox is not checked.

I.dontSeeCheckboxIsChecked('#agree'); // located by ID
I.dontSeeCheckboxIsChecked('I agree to terms'); // located by label
I.dontSeeCheckboxIsChecked('agree'); // located by name

# Parameters

# dontSeeElement

Opposite to seeElement. Checks that element is not visible (or in DOM)

I.dontSeeElement('.modal'); // modal is not shown

# Parameters

# dontSeeInField

Checks that value of input field or textarea doesn't equal to given value Opposite to seeInField.

I.dontSeeInField('email', '[email protected]'); // field by name
I.dontSeeInField({ css: 'form input.email' }, '[email protected]'); // field by CSS

# Parameters

# dontSee

Opposite to see. Checks that a text is not present on a page. Use context parameter to narrow down the search.

I.dontSee('Login'); // assume we are already logged in.
I.dontSee('Login', '.nav'); // no login inside .nav element

# Parameters

# fillField

Fills a text field or textarea, after clearing its value, with the given string. Field is located by name, label, CSS, or XPath.

// by label
I.fillField('Email', '[email protected]');
// by name
I.fillField('password', secret('123456'));
// by CSS
I.fillField('form#login input[name=username]', 'John');
// or by strict locator
I.fillField({css: 'form#login input[name=username]'}, 'John');

# Parameters

# grabTextFromAll

Retrieves all texts from an element located by CSS or XPath and returns it to test. Resumes test execution, so should be used inside async with await operator.

let pins = await I.grabTextFromAll('#pin li');

# Parameters

Returns Promise (opens new window)<Array (opens new window)<string (opens new window)>> attribute value

# grabTextFrom

Retrieves a text from an element located by CSS or XPath and returns it to test. Resumes test execution, so should be used inside async with await operator.

let pin = await I.grabTextFrom('#pin');

If multiple elements found returns first element.

# Parameters

Returns Promise (opens new window)<string (opens new window)> attribute value

# grabNumberOfVisibleElements

Grab number of visible elements by locator. Resumes test execution, so should be used inside async function with await operator.

let numOfElements = await I.grabNumberOfVisibleElements('p');

# Parameters

Returns Promise (opens new window)<number (opens new window)> number of visible elements

# grabAttributeFrom

Can be used for apps only with several values ("contentDescription", "text", "className", "resourceId")

Retrieves an attribute from an element located by CSS or XPath and returns it to test. Resumes test execution, so should be used inside async with await operator. If more than one element is found - attribute of first element is returned.

let hint = await I.grabAttributeFrom('#tooltip', 'title');

# Parameters

Returns Promise (opens new window)<string (opens new window)> attribute value

# grabAttributeFromAll

Can be used for apps only with several values ("contentDescription", "text", "className", "resourceId") Retrieves an array of attributes from elements located by CSS or XPath and returns it to test. Resumes test execution, so should be used inside async with await operator.

let hints = await I.grabAttributeFromAll('.tooltip', 'title');

# Parameters

Returns Promise (opens new window)<Array (opens new window)<string (opens new window)>> attribute value

# grabValueFromAll

Retrieves an array of value from a form located by CSS or XPath and returns it to test. Resumes test execution, so should be used inside async function with await operator.

let inputs = await I.grabValueFromAll('//form/input');

# Parameters

Returns Promise (opens new window)<Array (opens new window)<string (opens new window)>> attribute value

# grabValueFrom

Retrieves a value from a form element located by CSS or XPath and returns it to test. Resumes test execution, so should be used inside async function with await operator. If more than one element is found - value of first element is returned.

let email = await I.grabValueFrom('input[name=email]');

# Parameters

Returns Promise (opens new window)<string (opens new window)> attribute value

# saveScreenshot

Saves a screenshot to ouput folder (set in codecept.json or codecept.conf.js). Filename is relative to output folder.

I.saveScreenshot('debug.png');

# Parameters

Returns Promise (opens new window)<void>

# scrollIntoView

Scroll element into viewport.

I.scrollIntoView('#submit');
I.scrollIntoView('#submit', true);
I.scrollIntoView('#submit', { behavior: "smooth", block: "center", inline: "center" });

# Parameters

# seeCheckboxIsChecked

Verifies that the specified checkbox is checked.

I.seeCheckboxIsChecked('Agree');
I.seeCheckboxIsChecked('#agree'); // I suppose user agreed to terms
I.seeCheckboxIsChecked({css: '#signup_form input[type=checkbox]'});

# Parameters

# seeElement

Checks that a given Element is visible Element is located by CSS or XPath.

I.seeElement('#modal');

# Parameters

# seeInField

Checks that the given input field or textarea equals to given value. For fuzzy locators, fields are matched by label text, the "name" attribute, CSS, and XPath.

I.seeInField('Username', 'davert');
I.seeInField({css: 'form textarea'},'Type your comment here');
I.seeInField('form input[type=hidden]','hidden_value');
I.seeInField('#searchform input','Search');

# Parameters

# see

Checks that a page contains a visible text. Use context parameter to narrow down the search.

I.see('Welcome'); // text welcome on a page
I.see('Welcome', '.content'); // text inside .content div
I.see('Register', {css: 'form.register'}); // use strict locator

# Parameters

# selectOption

Selects an option in a drop-down select. Field is searched by label | name | CSS | XPath. Option is selected by visible text or by value.

I.selectOption('Choose Plan', 'Monthly'); // select by label
I.selectOption('subscription', 'Monthly'); // match option by text
I.selectOption('subscription', '0'); // or by value
I.selectOption('//form/select[@name=account]','Premium');
I.selectOption('form select[name=account]', 'Premium');
I.selectOption({css: 'form select[name=account]'}, 'Premium');

Provide an array for the second argument to select multiple options.

I.selectOption('Which OS do you use?', ['Android', 'iOS']);

# Parameters

# waitForElement

Waits for element to be present on page (by default waits for 1sec). Element can be located by CSS or XPath.

I.waitForElement('.btn.continue');
I.waitForElement('.btn.continue', 5); // wait for 5 secs

# Parameters

# waitForVisible

Waits for an element to become visible on a page (by default waits for 1sec). Element can be located by CSS or XPath.

I.waitForVisible('#popup');

# Parameters

# waitForInvisible

Waits for an element to be removed or become invisible on a page (by default waits for 1sec). Element can be located by CSS or XPath.

I.waitForInvisible('#popup');

# Parameters

# waitForText

Waits for a text to appear (by default waits for 1sec). Element can be located by CSS or XPath. Narrow down search results by providing context.

I.waitForText('Thank you, form has been submitted');
I.waitForText('Thank you, form has been submitted', 5, '#modal');

# Parameters

Last Updated: 8/23/2022, 2:23:09 AM