# ApiDataFactory

Extends Helper

Helper for managing remote data using REST API. Uses data generators like rosie (opens new window) or factory girl to create new record.

By defining a factory you set the rules of how data is generated. This data will be saved on server via REST API and deleted in the end of a test.

# Use Case

Acceptance tests interact with a websites using UI and real browser. There is no way to create data for a specific test other than from user interface. That makes tests slow and fragile. Instead of testing a single feature you need to follow all creation/removal process.

This helper solves this problem. Most of web application have API, and it can be used to create and delete test records. By combining REST API with Factories you can easily create records for tests:

I.have('user', { login: 'davert', email: '[email protected]' });
let id = await I.have('post', { title: 'My first post'});
I.haveMultiple('comment', 3, {post_id: id});

To make this work you need

  1. REST API endpoint which allows to perform create / delete requests and
  2. define data generation rules

# Setup

Install Rosie (opens new window) and Faker (opens new window) libraries.

npm i rosie @faker-js/faker --save-dev

Create a factory file for a resource.

See the example for Posts factories:

// tests/factories/posts.js

const Factory = require('rosie').Factory;
const faker = require('@faker-js/faker');

module.exports = new Factory()
   // no need to set id, it will be set by REST API
   .attr('author', () => faker.name.findName())
   .attr('title', () => faker.lorem.sentence())
   .attr('body', () => faker.lorem.paragraph());

For more options see rosie documentation (opens new window).

Then configure ApiDataHelper to match factories and REST API:

# Configuration

ApiDataFactory has following config options:

  • endpoint: base URL for the API to send requests to.
  • cleanup (default: true): should inserted records be deleted up after tests
  • factories: list of defined factories
  • returnId (default: false): return id instead of a complete response when creating items.
  • headers: list of headers
  • REST: configuration for REST requests

See the example:

 ApiDataFactory: {
   endpoint: "http://user.com/api",
   cleanup: true,
   headers: {
     'Content-Type': 'application/json',
     'Accept': 'application/json',
   factories: {
     post: {
       uri: "/posts",
       factory: "./factories/post",
     comment: {
       factory: "./factories/comment",
       create: { post: "/comments/create" },
       delete: { post: "/comments/delete/{id}" },
       fetchId: (data) => data.result.id

It is required to set REST API endpoint which is the baseURL for all API requests. Factory file is expected to be passed via factory option.

This Helper uses REST (opens new window) helper and accepts its configuration in "REST" section. For instance, to set timeout you should add:

"ApiDataFactory": {
   "REST": {
     "timeout": "100000",

# Requests

By default to create a record ApiDataFactory will use endpoint and plural factory name:

  • create: POST {endpoint}/{resource} data
  • delete: DELETE {endpoint}/{resource}/id

Example (endpoint: http://app.com/api):

  • create: POST request to http://app.com/api/users
  • delete: DELETE request to http://app.com/api/users/1

This behavior can be configured with following options:

  • uri: set different resource uri. Example: uri: account => http://app.com/api/account.
  • create: override create options. Expected format: { method: uri }. Example: { "post": "/users/create" }
  • delete: override delete options. Expected format: { method: uri }. Example: { "post": "/users/delete/{id}" }

Requests can also be overridden with a function which returns axois request config (opens new window).

create: (data) => ({ method: 'post', url: '/posts', data }),
delete: (id) => ({ method: 'delete', url: '/posts', data: { id } })

Requests can be updated on the fly by using onRequest function. For instance, you can pass in current session from a cookie.

 onRequest: async (request) => {
    // using global codeceptjs instance
    let cookie = await codeceptjs.container.helpers('WebDriver').grabCookie('session');
    request.headers = { Cookie: `session=${cookie.value}` };

# Responses

By default I.have() returns a promise with a created data:

let client = await I.have('client');

Ids of created records are collected and used in the end of a test for the cleanup. If you need to receive id instead of full response enable returnId in a helper config:

// returnId: false
let clientId = await I.have('client');
// clientId == 1

// returnId: true
let clientId = await I.have('client');
// client == { name: 'John', email: '[email protected]' }

By default id property of response is taken. This behavior can be changed by setting fetchId function in a factory config.

   factories: {
     post: {
       uri: "/posts",
       factory: "./factories/post",
       fetchId: (data) => data.result.posts[0].id

# Methods

# Parameters

  • config

# _requestCreate

Executes request to create a record in API. Can be replaced from a in custom helper.

# Parameters

  • factory any
  • data any

# _requestDelete

Executes request to delete a record in API Can be replaced from a custom helper.

# Parameters

  • factory any
  • id any

# have

Generates a new record using factory and saves API request to store it.

// create a user
// create user with defined email
// and receive it when inside async function
const user = await I.have('user', { email: '[email protected]'});
// create a user with options that will not be included in the final request
I.have('user', { }, { age: 33, height: 55 })

# Parameters

  • factory any factory to use
  • params any predefined parameters
  • options any options for programmatically generate the attributes

Returns Promise (opens new window)<any>

# haveMultiple

Generates bunch of records and saves multiple API requests to store them.

// create 3 posts
I.haveMultiple('post', 3);

// create 3 posts by one author
I.haveMultiple('post', 3, { author: 'davert' });

// create 3 posts by one author with options
I.haveMultiple('post', 3, { author: 'davert' }, { publish_date: '01.01.1997' });

# Parameters

  • factory any
  • times any
  • params any
  • options any
Last Updated: 4/28/2022, 3:40:59 AM