Protractor

# Protractor

Extends Helper

Protractor helper is based on Protractor library and used for testing web applications.

Protractor requires Selenium Server and ChromeDriver/GeckoDriver to be installed. To test non-Angular applications please make sure you have angular: false in configuration file.

# Configuration

This helper should be configured in codecept.json or codecept.conf.js

  • url - base url of website to be tested
  • browser - browser in which perform testing
  • angular : disable this option to run tests for non-Angular applications.
  • driver - which protractor driver to use (local, direct, session, hosted, sauce, browserstack). By default set to 'hosted' which requires selenium server to be started.
  • restart - restart browser between tests.
  • smartWait: (optional) enables SmartWait; wait for additional milliseconds for element to appear. Enable for 5 secs: "smartWait": 5000
  • disableScreenshots - don't save screenshot on failure
  • fullPageScreenshots - make full page screenshots on failure.
  • uniqueScreenshotNames - option to prevent screenshot override if you have scenarios with the same name in different suites
  • keepBrowserState - keep browser state between tests when restart set to false.
  • seleniumAddress - Selenium address to connect (default: http://localhost:4444/wd/hub)
  • rootElement - Root element of AngularJS application (default: body)
  • getPageTimeout (optional) sets default timeout for a page to be loaded. 10000 by default.
  • waitForTimeout: (optional) sets default wait time in ms for all wait* functions. 1000 by default.
  • scriptsTimeout: (optional) timeout in milliseconds for each script run on the browser, 10000 by default.
  • windowSize: (optional) default window size. Set to maximize or a dimension in the format 640x480.
  • manualStart - do not start browser before a test, start it manually inside a helper with this.helpers["WebDriverIO"]._startBrowser()
  • capabilities: {} - list of Desired Capabilities
  • proxy: set proxy settings

other options are the same as in Protractor config.

# Sample Config

{
   "helpers": {
     "Protractor" : {
       "url": "http://localhost",
       "browser": "chrome",
       "smartWait": 5000,
       "restart": false
     }
   }
}

# Config for Non-Angular application:

{
   "helpers": {
     "Protractor" : {
       "url": "http://localhost",
       "browser": "chrome",
       "angular": false
     }
   }
}

# Config for Headless Chrome

{
   "helpers": {
     "Protractor" : {
       "url": "http://localhost",
       "browser": "chrome",
       "capabilities": {
         "chromeOptions": {
           "args": [ "--headless", "--disable-gpu", "--no-sandbox" ]
         }
       }
     }
   }
}

# Access From Helpers

Receive a WebDriverIO client from a custom helper by accessing browser property:

this.helpers['Protractor'].browser

# Methods

# Parameters

  • config

# _getWindowHandle

Get the window handle relative to the current handle. i.e. the next handle or the previous.

# Parameters

  • offset Number Offset from current handle index. i.e. offset < 0 will go to the previous handle and positive number will go to the next window handle in sequence.

# _locate

Get elements by different locator types, including strict locator Should be used in custom helpers:

this.helpers['Protractor']._locate({name: 'password'}).then //...

To use SmartWait and wait for element to appear on a page, add true as second arg:

this.helpers['Protractor']._locate({name: 'password'}, true).then //...

# Parameters

  • locator
  • smartWait

# _locateCheckable

Find a checkbox by providing human readable text:

this.helpers['Protractor']._locateCheckable('I agree with terms and conditions').then // ...

# Parameters

  • locator

# _locateClickable

Find a clickable element by providing human readable text:

this.helpers['Protractor']._locateClickable('Next page').then // ...

# Parameters

  • locator

# _locateFields

Find field elements by providing human readable text:

this.helpers['Protractor']._locateFields('Your email').then // ...

# Parameters

  • locator

# acceptPopup

Accepts the active JavaScript native popup window, as created by window.alert|window.confirm|window.prompt. Don't confuse popups with modal windows, as created by various libraries. Appium: support only web testing

# amInsideAngularApp

Enters Angular mode (switched on by default) Should be used after "amOutsideAngularApp"

# amOnPage

Opens a web page in a browser. Requires relative or absolute url. If url starts with /, opens a web page of a site defined in url config parameter.

I.amOnPage('/'); // opens main page of website
I.amOnPage('https://github.com'); // opens github
I.amOnPage('/login'); // opens a login page

# Parameters

# amOutsideAngularApp

Switch to non-Angular mode, start using WebDriver instead of Protractor in this session

# appendField

Appends text to a input field or textarea. Field is located by name, label, CSS or XPath

I.appendField('#myTextField', 'appended');

# Parameters

  • field (string | object) located by label|name|CSS|XPath|strict locator
  • value string text value to append.

# attachFile

Attaches a file to element located by label, name, CSS or XPath Path to file is relative current codecept directory (where codecept.json or codecept.conf.js is located). File will be uploaded to remote system (if tests are running remotely).

I.attachFile('Avatar', 'data/avatar.jpg');
I.attachFile('form input[name=avatar]', 'data/avatar.jpg');

# Parameters

  • locator (string | object) field located by label|name|CSS|XPath|strict locator.
  • pathToFile string local file path relative to codecept.json config file.

# cancelPopup

Dismisses the active JavaScript popup, as created by window.alert|window.confirm|window.prompt.

# checkOption

Selects a checkbox or radio button. Element is located by label or name or CSS or XPath.

The second parameter is a context (CSS or XPath locator) to narrow the search.

I.checkOption('#agree');
I.checkOption('I Agree to Terms and Conditions');
I.checkOption('agree', '//form');

# Parameters

  • field (string | object) checkbox located by label | name | CSS | XPath | strict locator.
  • context (string? | object) (optional, null by default) element located by CSS | XPath | strict locator.

# clearCookie

Clears a cookie by name, if none provided clears all cookies.

I.clearCookie();
I.clearCookie('test');

# Parameters

  • cookie string? (optional, null by default) cookie name

# clearField

Clears a <textarea> or text <input> element's value.

I.clearField('Email');
I.clearField('user[email]');
I.clearField('#email');

# Parameters

  • field
  • editable (string | object) field located by label|name|CSS|XPath|strict locator.

# click

Perform a click on a link or a button, given by a locator. If a fuzzy locator is given, the page will be searched for a button, link, or image matching the locator string. For buttons, the "value" attribute, "name" attribute, and inner text are searched. For links, the link text is searched. For images, the "alt" attribute and inner text of any parent links are searched.

The second parameter is a context (CSS or XPath locator) to narrow the search.

// simple link
I.click('Logout');
// button of form
I.click('Submit');
// CSS button
I.click('#form input[type=submit]');
// XPath
I.click('//form/*[@type=submit]');
// link in context
I.click('Logout', '#nav');
// using strict locator
I.click({css: 'nav a.login'});

# Parameters

  • locator (string | object) clickable link or button located by text, or any element located by CSS|XPath|strict locator.
  • context (string? | object) (optional, null by default) element to search in CSS|XPath|Strict locator.

# closeCurrentTab

Close current tab

I.closeCurrentTab();

# closeOtherTabs

Close all tabs except for the current one.

I.closeOtherTabs();

# dontSee

Opposite to see. Checks that a text is not present on a page. Use context parameter to narrow down the search.

I.dontSee('Login'); // assume we are already logged in.
I.dontSee('Login', '.nav'); // no login inside .nav element

# Parameters

  • text string which is not present.
  • context (string | object)? (optional) element located by CSS|XPath|strict locator in which to perfrom search.

# dontSeeCheckboxIsChecked

Verifies that the specified checkbox is not checked.

I.dontSeeCheckboxIsChecked('#agree'); // located by ID
I.dontSeeCheckboxIsChecked('I agree to terms'); // located by label
I.dontSeeCheckboxIsChecked('agree'); // located by name

# Parameters

  • field (string | object) located by label|name|CSS|XPath|strict locator.

# dontSeeCookie

Checks that cookie with given name does not exist.

I.dontSeeCookie('auth'); // no auth cookie

# Parameters

# dontSeeCurrentUrlEquals

Checks that current url is not equal to provided one. If a relative url provided, a configured url will be prepended to it.

I.dontSeeCurrentUrlEquals('/login'); // relative url are ok
I.dontSeeCurrentUrlEquals('http://mysite.com/login'); // absolute urls are also ok

# Parameters

# dontSeeElement

Opposite to seeElement. Checks that element is not visible (or in DOM)

I.dontSeeElement('.modal'); // modal is not shown

# Parameters

# dontSeeElementInDOM

Opposite to seeElementInDOM. Checks that element is not on page.

I.dontSeeElementInDOM('.nav'); // checks that element is not on page visible or not

# Parameters

# dontSeeInCurrentUrl

Checks that current url does not contain a provided fragment.

# Parameters

# dontSeeInField

Checks that value of input field or textarea doesn't equal to given value Opposite to seeInField.

I.dontSeeInField('email', '[email protected]'); // field by name
I.dontSeeInField({ css: 'form input.email' }, '[email protected]'); // field by CSS

# Parameters

# dontSeeInSource

Checks that the current page does not contains the given string in its raw source code.

I.dontSeeInSource('<!--'); // no comments in source

# Parameters

# dontSeeInTitle

Checks that title does not contain text.

I.dontSeeInTitle('Error');

# Parameters

# doubleClick

Performs a double-click on an element matched by link|button|label|CSS or XPath. Context can be specified as second parameter to narrow search.

I.doubleClick('Edit');
I.doubleClick('Edit', '.actions');
I.doubleClick({css: 'button.accept'});
I.doubleClick('.btn.edit');

# Parameters

  • locator (string | object) clickable link or button located by text, or any element located by CSS|XPath|strict locator.
  • context (string? | object) (optional, null by default) element to search in CSS|XPath|Strict locator.

# dragAndDrop

Drag an item to a destination element.

I.dragAndDrop('#dragHandle', '#container');

# Parameters

# executeAsyncScript

Executes async script on page. Provided function should execute a passed callback (as first argument) to signal it is finished.

Example: In Vue.js to make components completely rendered we are waiting for nextTick.

I.executeAsyncScript(function(done) {
  Vue.nextTick(done); // waiting for next tick
});

By passing value to done() function you can return values. Additional arguments can be passed as well, while done function is always last parameter in arguments list.

let val = await I.executeAsyncScript(function(url, done) {
  // in browser context
  $.ajax(url, { success: (data) => done(data); }
}, 'http://ajax.callback.url/');

# Parameters

  • fn (string | function) function to be executed in browser context.
  • args ...any to be passed to function.

Returns Promise<any>

# executeScript

Executes sync script on a page. Pass arguments to function as additional parameters. Will return execution result to a test. In this case you should use async function and await to receive results.

Example with jQuery DatePicker:

// change date of jQuery DatePicker
I.executeScript(function() {
  // now we are inside browser context
  $('date').datetimepicker('setDate', new Date());
});

Can return values. Don't forget to use await to get them.

let date = await I.executeScript(function(el) {
  // only basic types can be returned
  return $(el).datetimepicker('getDate').toString();
}, '#date'); // passing jquery selector

# Parameters

  • fn (string | function) function to be executed in browser context.
  • args ...any to be passed to function.

Returns Promise<any>

# fillField

Fills a text field or textarea, after clearing its value, with the given string. Field is located by name, label, CSS, or XPath.

// by label
I.fillField('Email', '[email protected]');
// by name
I.fillField('password', secret('123456'));
// by CSS
I.fillField('form#login input[name=username]', 'John');
// or by strict locator
I.fillField({css: 'form#login input[name=username]'}, 'John');

# Parameters

  • field (string | object) located by label|name|CSS|XPath|strict locator.
  • value string text value to fill.

# grabAttributeFrom

Retrieves an attribute from an element located by CSS or XPath and returns it to test. An array as a result will be returned if there are more than one matched element. Resumes test execution, so should be used inside async with await operator.

let hint = await I.grabAttributeFrom('#tooltip', 'title');

# Parameters

Returns Promise<string> attribute value

# grabBrowserLogs

Get JS log from browser. Log buffer is reset after each request. Resumes test execution, so should be used inside an async function with await operator.

let logs = await I.grabBrowserLogs();
console.log(JSON.stringify(logs))

Returns Promise<Array<any>> all browser logs

# grabCookie

Gets a cookie object by name. If none provided gets all cookies. Resumes test execution, so should be used inside async with await operator.

let cookie = await I.grabCookie('auth');
assert(cookie.value, '123456');

# Parameters

Returns Promise<string> attribute valueReturns cookie in JSON format.

# grabCssPropertyFrom

Grab CSS property for given locator Resumes test execution, so should be used inside an async function with await operator.

const value = await I.grabCssPropertyFrom('h3', 'font-weight');

# Parameters

  • locator (string | object) element located by CSS|XPath|strict locator.
  • cssProperty string CSS property name.

Returns Promise<string> CSS value

# grabCurrentUrl

Get current URL from browser. Resumes test execution, so should be used inside an async function.

let url = await I.grabCurrentUrl();
console.log(`Current URL is [${url}]`);

Returns Promise<string> current URL

# grabHTMLFrom

Retrieves the innerHTML from an element located by CSS or XPath and returns it to test. Resumes test execution, so should be used inside async function with await operator. If more than one element is found - an array of HTMLs returned.

let postHTML = await I.grabHTMLFrom('#post');

# Parameters

  • locator
  • element (string | object) located by CSS|XPath|strict locator.

Returns Promise<string> HTML code for an element

# grabNumberOfOpenTabs

Grab number of open tabs.

let tabs = await I.grabNumberOfOpenTabs();

Returns Promise<number> number of open tabs

# grabNumberOfVisibleElements

Grab number of visible elements by locator.

let numOfElements = await I.grabNumberOfVisibleElements('p');

# Parameters

Returns Promise<number> number of visible elements

# grabPageScrollPosition

Retrieves a page scroll position and returns it to test. Resumes test execution, so should be used inside an async function with await operator.

let { x, y } = await I.grabPageScrollPosition();

Returns Promise<Object<string, any>> scroll position

# grabPopupText

Grab the text within the popup. If no popup is visible then it will return null

await I.grabPopupText();

# grabSource

Retrieves page source and returns it to test. Resumes test execution, so should be used inside an async function.

let pageSource = await I.grabSource();

Returns Promise<string> source code

# grabTextFrom

Retrieves a text from an element located by CSS or XPath and returns it to test. Resumes test execution, so should be used inside async with await operator.

let pin = await I.grabTextFrom('#pin');

If multiple elements found returns an array of texts.

# Parameters

  • locator (string | object) element located by CSS|XPath|strict locator.

Returns Promise<(string | Array<string>)> attribute value

# grabTitle

Retrieves a page title and returns it to test. Resumes test execution, so should be used inside async with await operator.

let title = await I.grabTitle();

Returns Promise<string> title

# grabValueFrom

Retrieves a value from a form element located by CSS or XPath and returns it to test. Resumes test execution, so should be used inside async function with await operator.

let email = await I.grabValueFrom('input[name=email]');

# Parameters

  • locator (string | object) field located by label|name|CSS|XPath|strict locator.

Returns Promise<string> attribute value

# haveModule

Injects Angular module.

I.haveModule('modName', function() {
  angular.module('modName', []).value('foo', 'bar');
});

# Parameters

  • modName
  • fn

# moveCursorTo

Moves cursor to element matched by locator. Extra shift can be set with offsetX and offsetY options.

I.moveCursorTo('.tooltip');
I.moveCursorTo('#submit', 5,5);

# Parameters

  • locator (string | object) located by CSS|XPath|strict locator.
  • offsetX number (optional, 0 by default) X-axis offset.
  • offsetY number (optional, 0 by default) Y-axis offset.

# moveTo

Moves to url

# Parameters

  • path

# openNewTab

Open new tab and switch to it

I.openNewTab();

# pressKey

Presses a key on a focused element. Special keys like 'Enter', 'Control', etc will be replaced with corresponding unicode. If modifier key is used (Control, Command, Alt, Shift) in array, it will be released afterwards.

I.pressKey('Enter');
I.pressKey(['Control','a']);

# Parameters

Valid key names are:

  • 'Add',
  • 'Alt',
  • 'ArrowDown' or 'Down arrow',
  • 'ArrowLeft' or 'Left arrow',
  • 'ArrowRight' or 'Right arrow',
  • 'ArrowUp' or 'Up arrow',
  • 'Backspace',
  • 'Command',
  • 'Control',
  • 'Del',
  • 'Divide',
  • 'End',
  • 'Enter',
  • 'Equals',
  • 'Escape',
  • 'F1 to F12',
  • 'Home',
  • 'Insert',
  • 'Meta',
  • 'Multiply',
  • 'Numpad 0' to 'Numpad 9',
  • 'Pagedown' or 'PageDown',
  • 'Pageup' or 'PageUp',
  • 'Pause',
  • 'Semicolon',
  • 'Shift',
  • 'Space',
  • 'Subtract',
  • 'Tab'.

# refresh

Reloads page

# refreshPage

Reload the current page.

I.refreshPage();

# resetModule

Removes mocked Angular module. If modName not specified - clears all mock modules.

I.resetModule(); // clears all
I.resetModule('modName');

# Parameters

  • modName

# resizeWindow

Resize the current window to provided width and height. First parameter can be set to maximize.

# Parameters

  • width number width in pixels or maximize.
  • height number height in pixels.

# rightClick

Performs right click on a clickable element matched by semantic locator, CSS or XPath.

// right click element with id el
I.rightClick('#el');
// right click link or button with text "Click me"
I.rightClick('Click me');
// right click button with text "Click me" inside .context
I.rightClick('Click me', '.context');

# Parameters

  • locator (string | object) clickable element located by CSS|XPath|strict locator.
  • context (string? | object) (optional, null by default) element located by CSS|XPath|strict locator.

# saveScreenshot

Saves a screenshot to ouput folder (set in codecept.json or codecept.conf.js). Filename is relative to output folder. Optionally resize the window to the full available page scrollHeight and scrollWidth to capture the entire page by passing true in as the second argument.

I.saveScreenshot('debug.png');
I.saveScreenshot('debug.png', true) //resizes to available scrollHeight and scrollWidth before taking screenshot

# Parameters

  • fileName string file name to save.
  • fullPage boolean (optional, false by default) flag to enable fullscreen screenshot mode.

# scrollPageToBottom

Scroll page to the bottom.

I.scrollPageToBottom();

# scrollPageToTop

Scroll page to the top.

I.scrollPageToTop();

# scrollTo

Scrolls to element matched by locator. Extra shift can be set with offsetX and offsetY options.

I.scrollTo('footer');
I.scrollTo('#submit', 5, 5);

# Parameters

  • locator (string | object) located by CSS|XPath|strict locator.
  • offsetX number (optional, 0 by default) X-axis offset.
  • offsetY number (optional, 0 by default) Y-axis offset.

# see

Checks that a page contains a visible text. Use context parameter to narrow down the search.

I.see('Welcome'); // text welcome on a page
I.see('Welcome', '.content'); // text inside .content div
I.see('Register', {css: 'form.register'}); // use strict locator

# Parameters

  • text string expected on page.
  • context (string? | object) (optional, null by default) element located by CSS|Xpath|strict locator in which to search for text.

# seeAttributesOnElements

Checks that all elements with given locator have given attributes.

I.seeAttributesOnElements('//form', { method: "post"});

# Parameters

  • locator (string | object) located by CSS|XPath|strict locator.
  • attributes object attributes and their values to check.

# seeCheckboxIsChecked

Verifies that the specified checkbox is checked.

I.seeCheckboxIsChecked('Agree');
I.seeCheckboxIsChecked('#agree'); // I suppose user agreed to terms
I.seeCheckboxIsChecked({css: '#signup_form input[type=checkbox]'});

# Parameters

  • field (string | object) located by label|name|CSS|XPath|strict locator.

# seeCookie

Checks that cookie with given name exists.

I.seeCookie('Auth');

# Parameters

# seeCssPropertiesOnElements

Checks that all elements with given locator have given CSS properties.

I.seeCssPropertiesOnElements('h3', { 'font-weight': "bold"});

# Parameters

  • locator (string | object) located by CSS|XPath|strict locator.
  • cssProperties object object with CSS properties and their values to check.

# seeCurrentUrlEquals

Checks that current url is equal to provided one. If a relative url provided, a configured url will be prepended to it. So both examples will work:

I.seeCurrentUrlEquals('/register');
I.seeCurrentUrlEquals('http://my.site.com/register');

# Parameters

# seeElement

Checks that a given Element is visible Element is located by CSS or XPath.

I.seeElement('#modal');

# Parameters

# seeElementInDOM

Checks that a given Element is present in the DOM Element is located by CSS or XPath.

I.seeElementInDOM('#modal');

# Parameters

  • locator (string | object) element located by CSS|XPath|strict locator.

# seeInCurrentUrl

Checks that current url contains a provided fragment.

I.seeInCurrentUrl('/register'); // we are on registration page

# Parameters

# seeInField

Checks that the given input field or textarea equals to given value. For fuzzy locators, fields are matched by label text, the "name" attribute, CSS, and XPath.

I.seeInField('Username', 'davert');
I.seeInField({css: 'form textarea'},'Type your comment here');
I.seeInField('form input[type=hidden]','hidden_value');
I.seeInField('#searchform input','Search');

# Parameters

# seeInPopup

Checks that the active JavaScript popup, as created by window.alert|window.confirm|window.prompt, contains the given string.

# Parameters

  • text

# seeInSource

Checks that the current page contains the given string in its raw source code.

I.seeInSource('<h1>Green eggs &amp; ham</h1>');

# Parameters

# seeInTitle

Checks that title contains text.

I.seeInTitle('Home Page');

# Parameters

# seeNumberOfElements

Asserts that an element appears a given number of times in the DOM. Element is located by label or name or CSS or XPath.

I.seeNumberOfElements('#submitBtn', 1);

# Parameters

# seeNumberOfVisibleElements

Asserts that an element is visible a given number of times. Element is located by CSS or XPath.

I.seeNumberOfVisibleElements('.buttons', 3);

# Parameters

# seeTextEquals

Checks that text is equal to provided one.

I.seeTextEquals('text', 'h1');

# Parameters

  • text
  • context

# seeTitleEquals

Checks that title is equal to provided one.

I.seeTitleEquals('Test title.');

# Parameters

  • text

# selectOption

Selects an option in a drop-down select. Field is searched by label | name | CSS | XPath. Option is selected by visible text or by value.

I.selectOption('Choose Plan', 'Monthly'); // select by label
I.selectOption('subscription', 'Monthly'); // match option by text
I.selectOption('subscription', '0'); // or by value
I.selectOption('//form/select[@name=account]','Premium');
I.selectOption('form select[name=account]', 'Premium');
I.selectOption({css: 'form select[name=account]'}, 'Premium');

Provide an array for the second argument to select multiple options.

I.selectOption('Which OS do you use?', ['Android', 'iOS']);

# Parameters

  • select (string | object) field located by label|name|CSS|XPath|strict locator.
  • option (string | Array<any>) visible text or value of option.

# setCookie

Sets a cookie.

I.setCookie({name: 'auth', value: true});

# Parameters

# switchTo

Switches frame or in case of null locator reverts to parent.

I.switchTo('iframe'); // switch to first iframe
I.switchTo(); // switch back to main page

# Parameters

  • locator (string? | object) (optional, null by default) element located by CSS|XPath|strict locator.

# switchToNextTab

Switch focus to a particular tab by its number. It waits tabs loading and then switch tab

I.switchToNextTab();
I.switchToNextTab(2);

# Parameters

  • num

# switchToPreviousTab

Switch focus to a particular tab by its number. It waits tabs loading and then switch tab

I.switchToPreviousTab();
I.switchToPreviousTab(2);

# Parameters

  • num

# uncheckOption

Unselects a checkbox or radio button. Element is located by label or name or CSS or XPath.

The second parameter is a context (CSS or XPath locator) to narrow the search.

I.uncheckOption('#agree');
I.uncheckOption('I Agree to Terms and Conditions');
I.uncheckOption('agree', '//form');

# Parameters

  • field (string | object) checkbox located by label | name | CSS | XPath | strict locator.
  • context (string? | object) (optional, null by default) element located by CSS | XPath | strict locator.

# wait

Pauses execution for a number of seconds.

I.wait(2); // wait 2 secs

# Parameters

  • sec number number of second to wait.

# waitForClickable

Waits for element to become clickable for number of seconds.

I.waitForClickable('#link');

# Parameters

  • locator
  • sec

# waitForDetached

Waits for an element to become not attached to the DOM on a page (by default waits for 1sec). Element can be located by CSS or XPath.

I.waitForDetached('#popup');

# Parameters

  • locator (string | object) element located by CSS|XPath|strict locator.
  • sec number (optional, 1 by default) time in seconds to wait

# waitForElement

Waits for element to be present on page (by default waits for 1sec). Element can be located by CSS or XPath.

I.waitForElement('.btn.continue');
I.waitForElement('.btn.continue', 5); // wait for 5 secs

# Parameters

  • locator (string | object) element located by CSS|XPath|strict locator.
  • sec number? (optional, 1 by default) time in seconds to wait

# waitForEnabled

Waits for element to become enabled (by default waits for 1sec). Element can be located by CSS or XPath.

# Parameters

  • locator (string | object) element located by CSS|XPath|strict locator.
  • sec number (optional) time in seconds to wait, 1 by default.

# waitForFunction

Waits for a function to return true (waits for 1 sec by default). Running in browser context.

I.waitForFunction(fn[, [args[, timeout]])
I.waitForFunction(() => window.requests == 0);
I.waitForFunction(() => window.requests == 0, 5); // waits for 5 sec
I.waitForFunction((count) => window.requests == count, [3], 5) // pass args and wait for 5 sec

# Parameters

  • fn (string | function) to be executed in browser context.
  • argsOrSec (Array<any> | number)? (optional, 1 by default) arguments for function or seconds.
  • sec number? (optional, 1 by default) time in seconds to wait

# waitForInvisible

Waits for an element to be removed or become invisible on a page (by default waits for 1sec). Element can be located by CSS or XPath.

I.waitForInvisible('#popup');

# Parameters

  • locator (string | object) element located by CSS|XPath|strict locator.
  • sec number (optional, 1 by default) time in seconds to wait

# waitForText

Waits for a text to appear (by default waits for 1sec). Element can be located by CSS or XPath. Narrow down search results by providing context.

I.waitForText('Thank you, form has been submitted');
I.waitForText('Thank you, form has been submitted', 5, '#modal');

# Parameters

  • text string to wait for.
  • sec number (optional, 1 by default) time in seconds to wait
  • context (string | object)? (optional) element located by CSS|XPath|strict locator.

# waitForValue

Waits for the specified value to be in value attribute.

I.waitForValue('//input', "GoodValue");

# Parameters

# waitForVisible

Waits for an element to become visible on a page (by default waits for 1sec). Element can be located by CSS or XPath.

I.waitForVisible('#popup');

# Parameters

  • locator (string | object) element located by CSS|XPath|strict locator.
  • sec number (optional, 1 by default) time in seconds to wait

# waitInUrl

Waiting for the part of the URL to match the expected. Useful for SPA to understand that page was changed.

I.waitInUrl('/info', 2);

# Parameters

  • urlPart string value to check.
  • sec number (optional, 1 by default) time in seconds to wait

# waitNumberOfVisibleElements

Waits for a specified number of elements on the page.

I.waitNumberOfVisibleElements('a', 3);

# Parameters

  • locator (string | object) element located by CSS|XPath|strict locator.
  • num number number of elements.
  • sec number (optional, 1 by default) time in seconds to wait

# waitToHide

Waits for an element to hide (by default waits for 1sec). Element can be located by CSS or XPath.

I.waitToHide('#popup');

# Parameters

  • locator (string | object) element located by CSS|XPath|strict locator.
  • sec number (optional, 1 by default) time in seconds to wait

# waitUntil

Waits for a function to return true (waits for 1sec by default).

I.waitUntil(() => window.requests == 0);
I.waitUntil(() => window.requests == 0, 5);

# Parameters

  • fn (function | string) function which is executed in browser context.
  • sec number (optional, 1 by default) time in seconds to wait
  • timeoutMsg string message to show in case of timeout fail.
  • interval number?

# waitUrlEquals

Waits for the entire URL to match the expected

I.waitUrlEquals('/info', 2);
I.waitUrlEquals('http://127.0.0.1:8000/info');

# Parameters

  • urlPart string value to check.
  • sec number (optional, 1 by default) time in seconds to wait

# perform

just press button if no selector is given