Internal API

# Concepts

In this guide we will overview the internal API of CodeceptJS. This knowledge is required for customization, writing plugins, etc.

CodeceptJS provides an API which can be loaded via require('codeceptjs') when CodeceptJS is installed locally. Otherwise, you can load codeceptjs API via global codeceptjs object:

// via module
const { recorder, event, output } = require('codeceptjs');
// or using global object
const { recorder, event, output } = codeceptjs;

These internal objects are available:

API reference (opens new window) is available on GitHub. Also please check the source code of corresponding modules.

# Container

CodeceptJS has a dependency injection container with helpers and support objects. They can be retrieved from the container:

const { container } = require('codeceptjs');

// get object with all helpers
const helpers = container.helpers();

// get helper by name
const { WebDriver } = container.helpers();

// get support objects
const supportObjects =;

// get support object by name
const { UserPage } =;

// get all registered plugins
const plugins = container.plugins();

New objects can also be added to container in runtime:

const { container } = require('codeceptjs');

  helpers: { // add helper
    MyHelper: new MyHelper({ config1: 'val1' });
  support: { // add page object
    UserPage: require('./pages/user');

Use this trick to define custom objects inside boostrap script

The container also contains the current Mocha instance:

const mocha = container.mocha();

# Event Listeners

CodeceptJS provides a module with an event dispatcher and set of predefined events (opens new window).

It can be required from codeceptjs package if it is installed locally.

const { event } = require('codeceptjs');

module.exports = function() {

  event.dispatcher.on(event.test.before, function (test) {

    console.log('--- I am before test --');


Available events:

  • event.test.before(test) - async when Before hooks from helpers and from test is executed
  • event.test.after(test) - async after each test
  • event.test.started(test) - sync at the very beginning of a test.
  • event.test.passed(test) - sync when test passed
  • event.test.failed(test, error) - sync when test failed
  • event.test.finished(test) - sync when test finished
  • event.suite.before(suite) - async before a suite
  • event.suite.after(suite) - async after a suite
  • event.step.before(step) - async when the step is scheduled for execution
  • event.step.after(step)- async after a step
  • event.step.started(step) - sync when step starts.
  • event.step.passed(step) - sync when step passed.
  • event.step.failed(step, err) - sync when step failed.
  • event.step.finished(step) - sync when step finishes.
  • event.step.comment(step) - sync fired for comments like I.say.
  • event.all.before - before running tests
  • event.all.after - after running tests
  • event.all.result - when results are printed
  • event.workers.before - before spawning workers in parallel run
  • event.workers.after - after workers finished in parallel run
  • event.workers.result - test results after workers finished in parallel run

sync - means that event is fired in the moment of the action happening. async - means that event is fired when an action is scheduled. Use recorder to schedule your actions.

For further reference look for currently available listeners (opens new window) using the event system.

# Recorder

To inject asynchronous functions in a test or before/after a test you can subscribe to corresponding event and register a function inside a recorder object. Recorder (opens new window) represents a global promises chain.

Provide a function in the first parameter, a function must be async or must return a promise:

const { event, recorder } = require('codeceptjs');

module.exports = function() {

  event.dispatcher.on(event.test.before, function (test) {

    const request = require('request');

    recorder.add('create fixture data via API', function() {
      return new Promise((doneFn, errFn) => {
          baseUrl: '',
          method: 'POST',
          url: '/users',
          json: { name: 'john', email: '[email protected]' }
        }), (err, httpResponse, body) => {
          if (err) return errFn(err);

# Config

CodeceptJS config can be accessed from require('codeceptjs').config.get():

const { config } = require('codeceptjs');

// config object has access to all values of the current config file

if (config.get().myKey == 'value') {
  // run something

# Output

Output module provides four verbosity levels. Depending on the mode you can have different information printed using corresponding functions.

  • default: prints basic information using output.print
  • steps: toggled by --steps option, prints step execution
  • debug: toggled by --debug option, prints steps, and debug information with output.debug
  • verbose: toggled by --verbose prints debug information and internal logs with output.log

It is recommended to avoid console.log and use output.* methods for printing.

const output = require('codeceptjs').output;

output.print('This is basic information');
output.debug('This is debug information');
output.log('This is verbose logging information');

# Test Object

The test events are providing a test object with following properties:

  • title title of the test
  • body test function as a string
  • opts additional test options like retries, and others
  • pending true if test is scheduled for execution and false if a test has finished
  • tags array of tags for this test
  • artifacts list of files attached to this test. Screenshots, videos and other files can be saved here and shared accross different reporters
  • file path to a file with a test
  • steps array of executed steps (available only in test.passed, test.failed, test.finished event)
  • skipInfo additional test options when test skipped
    • message string with reason for skip
    • description string with test body and others

# Step Object

Step events provide step objects with following fields:

  • name name of a step, like 'see', 'click', and others
  • actor current actor, in most cases it is I
  • helper current helper instance used to execute this step
  • helperMethod corresponding helper method, in most cases is the same as name
  • status status of a step (passed or failed)
  • prefix if a step is executed inside within block contain within text, like: 'Within .js-signup-form'.
  • args passed arguments

Whenever you execute tests with --verbose option you will see registered events and promises executed by a recorder.

# Custom Runner

You can run CodeceptJS tests from your script.

const { codecept: Codecept } = require('codeceptjs');

// define main config
const config = { 
  helpers: { 
    WebDriver: { 
      browser: 'chrome', 
      url: 'http://localhost' 

const opts = { steps: true };

// run CodeceptJS inside async function
(async () => {
  const codecept = new Codecept(config, options);

  try {
    await codecept.bootstrap();
    // run tests
  } catch (err) {
    process.exitCode = 1;
  } finally {
    await codecept.teardown();

Also, you can run tests inside workers in a custom scripts. Please refer to the parallel execution guide for more details.

Last Updated: 12/20/2023, 1:01:55 AM